Today in Irish History: 5 January ___________________.

1787 – John Burke, genealogist and compiler of Burke’s Peerage, is born in Elm Hall, Co. Tipperary 1881 – The trial of the Land Leaguers begins.

1826 – Separate Irish currency is abolished and replaced by sterling.

1871 – 33 Fenian prisoners, including Devoy, Rossa, O’Leary and Luby, are released by the British in a general amnesty.

1881 – The trial of the Land Leaguers begins.

1885 – Hugh O’Brien is sworn in as Boston’s first Irish mayor.

1900 – Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.

1911 – Protestant church leaders condemn Ne Temere Papal decree on mixed marriages. The Ne Temere papal decree of 1907 required non-Catholics married to a Catholic to agree to educate their children as Catholics, and often the non-Catholic was required to convert before the marriage. Ne Temere was tolerated by the UK parliament as it had little impact in Britain; Irish Protestants felt that it would have a much greater impact in a future Catholic-dominated Home Rule Ireland. In 1911 debates both views were considered, and notably those against Ne Temere were unionists and those tolerating it were not.

1922 – Death of Kildareman Sir Ernest Shackleton, Antarctic explorer.

1941 – Jennie Wyse Power, Irish patriot and women’s rights activist dies.

1944 – Louis Stewart, jazz guitarist, is born in Waterford.

1969 – Members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) damage property and assault occupants in the Bogside in Derry.

1970 – Death of Dublin-born astrologer, Cyril Fagan, who claimed historical use of sidereal astrology in the west and established it as a separate field from tropical astrology.

1976 – Death of successful barrister, main legal advisor to the government of the Irish Free State after independence, John Aloysius Costello.

1976 – The Republican Action Force, a cover name for the IRA, admits to the brutal murder of ten Protestant workmen in what becomes known as the Kingsmill Massacre.

1994 – Death of Tip O’Neill.

2003 – A group of women maintains a vigil at Shannon Airport in protest at US Air Force landings there.

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