Today in Irish History: 4 January __________________.

1581 – James Ussher, scholar and Archbishop of Armagh and Dublin is born.

1672 – Hugh Boulter, was the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh, the Primate of All Ireland, from 1724 until his death, is born.

1792 – The Northern Star, newspaper of the Belfast United Irishmen, first appears on this date.

1921 – Martial law is extended to counties Clare, Kilkenny, Waterford and Wexford from this date.

1923 – A column of 65 Anti-Treaty fighters from Cork and Kerry IRA units, under Tom Barry, attacks Millstreet, Cork, under cover of darkness. They use 12 machine guns and take three National Army posts in the town, taking 39 prisoners and capturing one Lewis gun and 35 rifles. However they fail to take the main post in the Town Hall, held by 23 Free State soldiers. They withdraw after several hours – one party to Ballyvourney in Cork and the other to the Pap mountains in Kerry. Two Free State soldiers are killed and several more wounded. The National Army reports six Anti-Treaty fatalities and 19 wounded but the Republicans admit to only three wounded.

1925 – The Angel of the Yukon from Midleton, Co. Cork, Nellie Cashman, dies.

1937 – Mick O’Connell, Kerry Gaelic footballer, is born on Beginish Island, Co. Kerry.

1938 – Irish character actor, Jim Norton is born.

1965 – Musician, Caitlín O’Riordan is born in Nigeria to Irish and Scottish parents who moved to London in 1967 when the Nigerian Civil War broke out.

1969 – On a march from Belfast to Derry, the civil rights group People’s Democracy is attacked at Burntollet Bridge.

1975 – Eleanor Krott, Irish language scholar and lexicographer, dies.

1976 – UVF Kill Six Catholics in Two Separate Attacks.

1986 – Death of Phil Lynott.

1998 – The LVF appoints a new commanding officer to take over from murdered godfather Billy Wright and in a chilling warning vows it will do all in its power to wreck the teetering peace process.

1998 – The governments of Austria and Finland offer their countries as potential neutral grounds for the next wave of Northern Ireland peace talks.

1999 – Venerable Archdeacon Patrick Lyons, at 105 years, was the world’s oldest priest and who died on New Year’s Day, is laid to rest in the grounds of the Church of the Immaculate Conception in Ballingarry, Co. Limerick.

2000 – Hundreds are evacuated as west and midland farmlands are flooded.

2000 – Top RTÉ broadcaster Maxi is set to win a host of new listeners in her new role as presenter/producer of Radio One’s Risin’ Time.

2002 – According to a new survey, two out of every three people in Northern Ireland aged between 18-25 say they have no meaningful contact with opposing communities while, generally, people feel more segregated than they did before the North’s first ceasefire in 1994.

2002 – Irishmen under 25 are the worst-hit by rising unemployment, according to the latest European Union figures.

2003 – A group of women begin an anti-war protest at a roundabout close to Shannon Airport against US Air Force landings there.

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